A Brief History of Medical and Dental Scrubs

The use of a special medical uniform for surgical and other procedures was not normal practice until the early part of the twentieth century. Surgical procedures often took place in large amphitheatres where medical students could observe the operations being carried out by the physicians. In most cases the surgeons wore everyday street clothing during the procedure, except sometimes the surgeons donned butchers’ aprons to protect their clothes. In those days the importance of sterility was not recognized, so instruments and supplies were not commonly sterilized. The sutures used for closing wounds were usually just gut string sewn with a normal sewing needle which was reused over and over. Even the gauze employed to cover the wound was often nothing more than remnants taken from cotton mill floors.

The sea change in medical dress came after the Spanish flu pandemic in 1918 in which twenty million people died; together with the rise of Lister’s theory of antisepsis. The beginning of special medical dress was surgeons and other medical personnel wearing masks, which was done more to protect the physician from the patient’s illness rather than to protect the patient. At this time too heavy rubber gloves began to be used by medical staffers to protect themselves from harsh chemicals used in cleaning the medical environment. By the nineteen forties, with the awareness of how wounds can become infected and of the need to have a sanitary environment in the operating room, medical staff professionals began wearing white uniforms during surgery and routinely in their daily rounds.

The first medical scrubs in wide use were white drapes or gowns which covered the surgeon and medical assistants during operations. The white colored fabrics used in these scrubs symbolized cleanliness. However, it was soon found that white clothing worn against a background of white sheets and a white surgical environment often caused eyestrain. It was in the nineteen fifties and sixties that medical and dental scrubs, usually of a green or blue color which is more restful to the eyes and also doesn’t show bloodstains as readily, came into widespread use. Soon designers of medical apparel began experimenting with different colors and styles of scrubs, and by the nineteen eighties it was possible for medical professionals to select from a wide array of colors and fashionable designs. Today’s medical scrubs range from cheap nursing scrubs to elegantly designed coordinated outfits suitable for street wear; and from short sleeved, V neck shirts with drawstring pants to formal jackets and gowns. Fabrics used for medical scrubs come in a wide range of solid colors, and feature bright prints (which are popular among medical professionals who work with children). Durable fabrics, which are easy to clean, are among the most popular.

Medical and Dental Malpractice Suits and Your Rights

All of us need to see a doctor from time to time. For the most part, we seek out a doctor for our injuries and it is taken care of. There are times, however, in which difficulties arise because of negligence on the part of the medical professional. Malpractice suits against doctors, although unpopular from a medical standpoint, are the only way for you to get compensation for the harm that you have been put through due to the negligence of your medical professional.There are several different ways in which a medical professional may be negligent in his practice. He might misdiagnose a disease that you have and treat it in the wrong way. This could easily cause you bodily harm, especially if the illness is allowed to continue while the therapy is being handled. He may neglect to treat you at all, which would also be a cause for malpractice suits. If you feel as if you were wronged in such a way by your medical professional, seek legal advice to see what can be done to compensate you for any injuries that were caused as a result.And malpractice is not just limited to medical professionals. There is also a dental malpractice suit in which you can sue a dentist if you have had some problematic dental work. You can also sue a hospital in a hospital malpractice suit if you feel that the medical facility was also at blame for your injuries. In all of these cases, a malpractice lawyer is the first place to start. She can advise you on what steps you should take and can also help assess the extent and value of your problems.

Careers in the Medical and Dental Field

As you decide to attend medical school or have always wanted to help sick and injured people, there are plenty of positions available within the field of medicine and dentistry. The majority of medical and dental employment opportunities require many years of schooling in order for an individual to learn the appropriate information and techniques necessary to complete their job description. There are also positions within the field that do not require an extensive amount of time in college, which usually deal with administrative and assistant duties. Below you will find a collection of typical careers one may pursue within the field of medicine and dentistry:

The doctor that prevents and corrects deformities, mends injuries, and heightens the function or appearance of a patient is called a surgeon. Under this branch of medicine, there are several different kinds of concentrations, which make an average annual salary between $186,935 and $403,552. For instance, a plastic reconstructive surgeon focuses on surgically treating abnormalities of the body, an orthopedic surgeon treats injuries and diseases of the musculoskeletal system, and a heart transplant surgeon is responsible for repairing patients with end-stage cardiac disease. In order to become a surgeon, a medical degree is required with at least two to four years of surgery experience. Additional branches within the surgery field include bariatrics, neurology, and vascular.

Some careers in the medical field do not directly deal with patients and instead, spend their time in a laboratory. This is seen in the job titles of the microbiologist and pathologist, who analyze diseases by taking a look at body tissue, fluids, and other secretions. Some may perform an autopsy to identify the cause of death or the source of a disease. This particular position requires a degree in medicine from an accredited program, as well as a valid license to practice. The typical salary of a pathologist is seen between $142,460 and $292,312.

Nursing is a popular field to study in medicine, as there is an overwhelming need for individuals to fill positions all over the United States and Canada. There are also various levels of nursing that take as little as two years of schooling or training to achieve. A registered staff nurse earns an average salary of between $48,499 and $68,424 in the United States. Typical duties include the evaluation of patients and physician assistance. Some nurses administer tests and dispense medication within the limitations of the practice he or she works for. An associates degree and registered nurse certification are required to take this position. Other positions within the nursing field include certified nursing assistants and chief nurses at a hospital.

The medical world is filled with a never-ending collection of careers and jobs that look after and treat every part of the body. The anesthesiologist makes sure no pain is felt when patients are undergoing surgical procedures. This position demands a degree in medicine from an accredited school, a license to practice, and at least two to four years of anesthesiology experience.

The radiologist who uses x-rays and radioactive materials to examine and diagnose disease makes between $251,566 and $461,255. The dermatologist who treats disorders and diseases of the skin brings home between $160,851 and $301,808. The endocrinologist that specializes in hormone conditions is paid an average yearly salary between $136,521 and $223,927. Additionally, research is a big part of medicine and there are numerous people who train to become a research assistant or research scientist.

The medical director in charge of planning and directing the medical policies and programs regarding his or her organization must have a degree in medicine and have accumulated at least 15 years of experience. The typical salary for this position is between $118,141 and $269,969.

In dentistry, one may choose to pursue a career as a general dentist or prefer to lend a hand as a dental assistant. Dental hygienists, dental technicians, orthodontists, and periodontists are also suitable careers to consider in this particular field.

A dental assistant works directly under the supervision of a dentist and assists in various procedures, such as oral surgery. They are in charge of preparing and arranging the necessary tools, as well as locating records and sterilizing equipment. An associates degree from an accredited program with zero to two years experience is expected. The typical salary for a dental assistant is between $25,158 and $36,993.

A dental hygienist may clean calcareous deposits, remove tooth stains, and clean under the gumline using a variety of dental instruments. They look for signs of disease and often make visits to local schools to check in on the oral health of students. With a license, associates degree, and about two to four years of experience, one can become a dental hygienist that earns the average salary between $45,826 and $75,027.

An orthodontist is responsible for preventing and correcting undesirable formations of the teeth. In order to take on this career, he or she must have graduated from an accredited dental program and possess a license to practice dentistry. Two to four years of experience is usually a requirement to make the average salary of between $76,812 and $163,864.

How to Get Inexpensive Medical and Dental Insurance

Contrary to popular belief, inexpensive medical and dental insurance is not a thing of the past. You can get it now, if you know where to look and what to get.

Comprehensive Medical Insurance Plans

Comprehensive insurance plans cover your ongoing health care needs and are the most expensive plans. They include:

* Indemnity Plans. These are the traditional insurance plans that cover your doctor visits, hospital fees, and prescription drugs. These plans let you use your own doctor and hospital, and are the most expensive of the comprehensive insurance plans.

* Managed health care plans (HMOs, PPOs, POSs). These plans assign you to a health care group – doctors, hospitals, and specialists – that you use for your health care needs. Some of these plans let you use your own doctor and hospital for an additional fee. They are the least expensive comprehensive insurance plans.

* Medical saving accounts. These plans combine a tax-sheltered savings account with a high-deductible health insurance plan. The savings account is used to pay for minor medical expenses and the insurance pays for more expensive medical expenses.

Specialized Health Insurance Plans

Specialized health insurance plans cover only specific health care needs. They are the least expensive insurance plans. They include:

* Major medical insurance plans. These plans are high deductible health insurance plans that provide coverage for major illnesses such as heart attacks and cancer.

* Hospital and surgery plans. These plans provide coverage for hospital stays and surgical services only. They cover doctor fees, room and board, lab tests, and X-rays.

* Hospital confinement plans. These plans pay a set amount for each day you spend in the hospital.

* Short term plans. These are comprehensive health insurance plans with coverage that lasts for a specified amount of time.

* Accident only plans. These plans pay for doctor visits and hospital fees when you have an accident. They do not cover illnesses or diseases.

Dental Insurance Plans

Standard dental plans pay for dental services such as teeth cleanings, fillings, extractions, crowns, and X-rays. Indemnity dental plans allow you to see the dentist of your choice, and managed dental plans assign you to a group of dentists.

Dental plans are less expensive when they are part of a health insurance plan. You also have the added benefit of having only one insurance bill and one company to deal with.

Supplemental Medical and Dental Insurance Coverage

Health insurance in general is expensive even if you get it through your employer; if you happen to be on COBRA because you are between employers it’s even more expensive.

If you have children and they are a part of your insurance plan through your employer the limit for insurance plans is 18 years old. In some instances if they are attending college full time you will be able to cover them to the age of 25 years old.

If you work for a small company the chances of having medical or dental insurance are slim to none and if you are self employed your premiums are going to be very high.

Since a lot of employers have had to make cut backs due to the economy and growing pains the first benefits that suffer are usually your health and dental.

Since these issues are so prominent supplemental insurance coverage has become the solution for most people shopping for medical and dental coverage.

There basically two types of supplemental insurance coverage that is available to the consumer.
 
Student Coverage
Student Coverage is usually offered through colleges and universities at a small annually fee. The annual fee is usually between $120 and $180 and they cover most medical and dental routine care. With some plans you may be part of a medical network and be assigned to a medical clinic. There will be small co-pays associated with these plans for the most part the offer a great alternative.
 
Discount Medical and Dental Coverage
Discount medical and dental plans are a great alternative because they offer medical and dental services at discount prices. What usually happens is that a company will negotiate medical procedures, routine visits, routine exams and ancillary services with providers. The negotiation will give the consumer purchase power and will lower your medical expenses. An example of this would be were you pay a monthly premium of $14.95 for supplemental dental coverage and your fillings would cost you $7.00. These plans are an excellent alternative for students, seniors, self employed and small businesses.

 
Supplemental health and medical coverage is a great affordable way of having medical services available at a discount price. Most of these plans start at approximately $8.00 a month for basic dental and can top off at around $60.00 monthly. Most of the supplemental medical and dental coverage can cover everyone in your household regarding of the type of relationship. The coverage has grown in strength and popularity due to the fact that there is a growing population of the self employed and the high cost of traditional insurance cost.
Do yourself a favor and check out the different options you have when it comes to medical and dental coverage, you might surprise yourself.